27 November 2020
The bank in Askeaton
stands on the site of
the former courthouse
In seeking out and searching for the stories of the historical buildings in Askeaton, I have sometimes missed out on some of the more modern, recent buildings, which are of architectural interest and also stand on interesting historical sites.
The Square is the oldest part of this town outside the castle, the abbey or former Franciscan friary, and Saint Mary’s Church with the tower of the Knights Templar, dating back to the 13th century.
The Square was once the focus for commercial and social activities in the town that were focussed on the market and the courthouse, while the quays and the police station were nearby.
The Square leads directly into both the west end of Church Street and the built-up part of the Quay. This area includes many two-storey terraced buildings with rendered and painted fronts that date mainly from the mid-19th century.
These buildings have a mixture of commercial and residential use. The majority of them front directly onto the Square and the street and there is an interplay of narrow, enclosed bends in the street with the more open areas of the Square and the northern part of the Quay.
The bank building stands on the south side of the square, on the former site of the courthouse, on the west bank of the River Deel, where it flows beneath the ramparts of Askeaton Castle.
This is a four-bay, two-storey building, with the left-hand two bays breaking forward of the main building. The roof is hipped with corbelled eaves. The façade is smooth rendered and painted and has raised stucco quoins. The windows are one-over-one timber sashes.
The front door is flanked by fluted pilasters supporting a tympanum with cornice and blocking course.
This bank has been very well maintained to present an almost intact original aspect. The applied ornamentation reveals high quality craftsmanship that has retained a crisp intricacy and that greatly enhances the façade.
The bank retains important original features and materials, including its slate roof, sash windows and brick chimneystacks.
At the render surround at the entrance, fluted Doric style pilasters support the architrave with a bracketed stepped cornice and pediment detail over a square-headed multiple-pane overlight and a timber panelled door.
The more recent concrete ramp has metal railings leading up to the entrance.
In normal times, when there is no pandemic lockdown, the Square is a lively place on Friday mornings, with an open-air farmers’ market, stalls and open vans selling fresh fruit, farm produce, and an occasional bric-a-brac. As I sip a coffee there, the bank and River Deel provide a colourful backdrop and a reminder of busy days when these was once the venue too for court sittings.