Wednesday, 10 March 2021

Saint Joseph’s Church in
Ballybrown, and the work
of a Limerick-born architect

Saint Joseph’s Church, Ballybrown, Co Limerick … built in 1831 and altered by William Edward Corbett in 1898 (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

Patrick Comerford

During a recent visit to the Kilkeedy and Tervoe area, north of Clarina and Mungret, I stopped to see Saint Joseph’s Church in Ballybrown, a large church built of hewn limestone in 1831.

The Roman Catholic parish of Patrickswell and Ballybrown has two parish churches, the Church of the Virgin Mary in Patrickswell and Saint Joseph’s Church in Ballybrown, which serves as the parish church for the area around Clarina.

Ballybrown is first named in mediaeval documents as Broneston in 1331, and it is referred to as Ballibrownie in the mid-17th century.

Inside Saint Joseph’s Church, Ballybrown, Co Limerick … the church is oriented south/north rather than east/west (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

The first church here stood on the other side of the junction near the present-day church. The present Saint Joseph’s Church dates from 1831, and was originally a thatched building. It was not completed until the 1840s, and it was later altered in 1898 to designs by the Limerick architect William Edward Corbett.

The church is aligned on a south-north axis instead of the traditional east-west axis. The snecked limestone façade and carved limestone dressings are evidence of the skill of the 19th century stonemasons involved in building Saint Joseph’s.

The sculpted plinths of the internal pilasters and the decorative timber ceiling also show considerable care and attention to detail. The height, scale and detached form of this church make it an imposing feature in the area.

Inside Saint Joseph’s Church, Ballybrown, looking towards the gallery (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

The church has a three-bay nave, chancel, single-storey sacristy and pitched slate roofs. The architectural details include a limestone eaves course, copings and cross finial, snecked limestone walls on the north and west sides, and rendered walls on the east and south sides.

There are pointed arch openings with stained-glass windows and concrete sills. The windows on the west side have carved hood mouldings. The windows on the north and south sides have triple lancet stained-glass windows and limestone mullions. There are stained-glass windows in the sacristy.

The door at the north side (liturgical west) has a chamfered limestone surround, carved hood-moulding and a glazed overlight, with a double-leaf timber battened doors with flanking wall mounted carved limestone fonts.

The three-light window above the altar depicts the death of Saint Joseph (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

Inside the church, the chancel has a pointed arch and a marble altar and reredos, and the three-light window over the altar depicts the death of Saint Joseph.

The church has an ornate timber scissors truss ceiling with a quadripartite vault that has decorative timber ribs at the crossing. There is a timber gallery with metal railings at the entrance. The pilasters at the crossing having carved limestone plinths.

Father William Downes, the parish priest responsible for building the church, died in suspicious circumstances in 1840. He was a vigorous opponent of agrarian secret societies in the pre-Famine years. He was found lying on the road and unconscious and died soon after. Although his injuries were said to have been caused by a fall from his horse, there were persistent rumours that he had been murdered.

One of the pair of wall mounted carved limestone fonts flanking the main door of the church (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

The alterations and additions in 1898 were designed by the Limerick architect and civil engineer William Edward Corbett (1824-1904). He was born in Limerick on 19 April 1824, the son of Patrick Corbett.

Corbett was the Limerick City architect and borough surveyor from 1854 to 1899, having succeeded by Joseph J Peacocke. He was a member of the Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland (MRIAI) from 1878. He lived at 39 Ennis Road, and later at Willmount, Lansdowne Road, Limerick, and worked from Patrick Street and Glentworth Street, Limerick.

Apart from Saint Joseph’s Church, Ballybrown, Corbett’s church works include Ballycorrick Church (1858), building Saint Alphonsus Redemptorist Church designed by PC Hardwick (1858-1862), superintending the building of the parish church in Castleconnell (1863), a marble altar for the church in Moneygay (1861), work on the Jesuit Church of the Sacred Heart on the Crescent, Limerick, the tower and sacristy for the church in Clonlara, Co Clare (1871), the Franciscan Church on Henry Street, Limerick (1876-1886), and the transept, tower and façade of Saint Joseph’s Church, O’Connell Street, Limerick (1900-1904).

However, Corbett’s best-known work is probably the Tait Memorial Clocktower in Baker Place, erected as a testimonial to the Mayor of Limerick, Alderman Peter Tait, in 1866.

Corbett died at 79 at Willmount on 1 February 1904 and was buried at Mount Saint Lawrence Cemetery.

The Lenten Altar in Saint Joseph’s Church, Ballybrown (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

There are a number of church ruins near Ballybrown, including Saint Margaret’s in Newtown, near the banks of the Shannon, and a ruined church known as ‘Clouana Temple.’ Two former parish priests are buried at Clouana: Father Nicholas Brady, who was ordained in Limerick in 1765, died in 1795; Father Jeremiah Cronin was Parish Priest in 1807-1828, during difficult years marked by tithe wars and increasing sectarianism.

I noticed a shrine to Cardinal John Henry Newman in the south transept (geographical west) in Saint Joseph’s Church, during my visit last week. I thought this shrine was unusual, but later realised this may be explained by strong connections between this key figure in Oxford Movement and the Monsell family of Tervoe.

But more about that link in a posting on another day.

Looking towards the west transept (liturgical south) in Saint Joseph’s Church and the shrine of Cardinal John Henry Newman (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

Praying in Lent and Easter 2021:
22, the Chapel, Trinity College Dublin

Inside the chapel in Trinity College, Dublin (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

Patrick Comerford

During Lent and Easter this year, I am taking some time each morning to reflect in these ways:

1, a photograph of a church or place of worship that has been significant in my spiritual life;

2, the day’s Gospel reading;

3, a prayer from the prayer diary of the Anglican mission agency USPG (United Society Partners in the Gospel).

This week I am offering photographs from seven churches that have connections with my education. My photographs this morning (10 March 2021) are from the chapel in Trinity College Dublin. I received a post-graduate Diploma in Ecumenics at TCD in 1984, I was twice the Select Preacher in the Chapel, I chaired the Dublin University Far Eastern Mission, and until 2017, while I was on the staff of the Church of Ireland Theological Institute, I was an Adjunct Assistant Professor in TCD.

Matthew 5: 17-19 (NRSVA):

[Jesus said:] 17 ‘Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to fulfil. 18 For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not one letter, not one stroke of a letter, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. 19 Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.’

Prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary:

The Prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary today (10 March 2021) prays:

Let us pray for all who work in hospitality that through their work they bring about a deeper sense of service to others.

Yesterday’s reflection

Continued tomorrow

The Chapel and Front Square in Trinity College Dublin (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicised Edition copyright © 1989, 1995, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. http://nrsvbibles.org