Wednesday, 19 May 2021

Haydn and Handel or Brahms and Liszt
in Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick

John Armour Haydn (1845-1920) had a life-time interest in the music of Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick … was he related to Joseph Haydn?

Patrick Comerford

‘Brahms and Liszt’ is a description in rhyming slang in England for being drunk. But it seems Brahms and Liszt only ever met on one occasions, in Weimar in 1853, when Brahms presented some of his compositions to a group of composers that included Liszt.

Liszt played some of Brahms’s work, and then performed his own B-minor Piano Sonata. But Brahms was impressed neither with Liszt’s music nor with the work of most of the rest of the ‘New German School.’

In the Irish imagination, Keats and Chapman are inextricably linked, arm-in-arm, not because of the Keats poem, ‘On first looking into Chapman’s Homer,’ but because come together in so many of the writings of Myles na Gopaleen.

Which major figures in European culture are inextricably linked or inseparable opposites for you? Mozart and Beethoven? Keats and Shelley? Livingstone and Stanley? Crick and Watson? The Rolling Stones and the Beatles? Swann and Topping? Torvill and Dean? Saint and Greavsie?

Before my lunchtime lecture on John Desmond Bernal in Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick, yesterday (18 May 2021), I was surprised to find that the cathedral offers a curious link – well, a musical link of sorts – between Haydn and Handel … and in the process, with this group of parishes.

Canon John Armour Haydn (1845-1920) was the Rector of Nantenan, between Askeaton and Rathkeale, Co Limerick, and was successively a canon, the Treasurer and the Chancellor of Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick, and the Archdeacon of Limerick.

Haydn and his family are commemorated by a mural on the west wall of the cathedral. Dean Maurice Talbot, in The Monuments of St Mary’s Cathedral, says Haydn ‘was the mainstay for 40 years in the cathedral.’ He was the first secretary of the Friends of Saint Mary’s, and his whole family were ‘dedicated to Saint Mary’s and lived for its worship and its music.’

Haydn was born in Tallow, Co Waterford, and spent all his ordained ministry in the Diocese of Limerick, first as curate of Saint Michael’s (1868-1869), and then as Rector and Vicar of Chapel Russell (1869-1872), Rector of Nantenan (1873-1918), Prebendary of Saint Munchin’s (1891-1906), Treasurer of Limerick (1906-1912), Chancellor of Limerick (1912-1913), and Archdeacon of Limerick (1913-1918).

I have no idea whether this Haydn was related in any way to the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809). But John Haydn was a skilled musician and composed some church services and anthems. He also designed and made the pine cover for the ancient font in the cathedral. He died on 21 May 1920, and was buried with his wife in the cathedral churchyard.

John Haydn gave £4,000 – a substantial sum over 100 years ago – in gifts to the cathedral, including a substantial gift for the choir. He was also a keen campanologist and was ‘always at his ‘Sally’ mornings and evening, on Sundays.’

Without a curate in Nantenan, it is difficult to imagine how Haydn could devote so much time to the life and music of Saint Mary’s Cathedral, and still attend to his parochial and pastoral duties in Nantenan, where he was the rector for quarter of a century. Many of his parishioners in Nantenan were the descendants of Palatine families, religious refugees who settled in West Limerick in the early 18th century. Dean Talbot recalls that ‘he is perhaps the last priest who buried with its owner a German Bible.’

John Armour Haydn (1845-1920) … he was Rector of Nantenan, near Askeaton, in 1873-1918

A previously hidden 19th-century source documenting the story of the renovation of the cathedral in 1859-1863, is now in the Representative Church Body (RCB) Library in Dublin. Ms 1048 was assembled by John Armour Haydn to record how his predecessors raised funds and awareness of the cathedral.

The title page of this volume contains an explanatory ‘preliminary statement’ revealing why the mid-19th century restoration works were required in 1859, and the volume is a window on hidden history detailing the causes of the restoration and conservation. A detailed analysis of the Haydn volume was carried out at the RCB Library by Matthieu Isbell, a first-class honours graduate of Trinity College Dublin, who spent a two-month intern placement at the library.

Haydn’s son, Thomas James Armour Handel Haydn (1874-1892), was the assistant organist in Saint Mary’s Cathedral, and a scholar of the Royal College of Music, London. Another son, John Armour Haydn (1881-1957), who worked with Guinnesses, was secretary of the cathedral vestry from at least the 1930s, wrote a visitors’ guidebook in 1950 and a booklet on the 15th-century misericords, and presented a frontal press to the cathedral in 1947.

I also came across the name Handel in another cathedral monument too. Because of the current work on the new west porch in the cathedral, a number of monuments at the west end of the cathedral are screened by display boards.

However, close to the Glentworth Chapel, I caught a glimpse of the plaque that is ‘in loving memory of George Frederick Handel Rogers, born 7th September 1807, died 12th January 1892. For fifty years organist, thirty years vicar choral, of this cathedral. Also of Frances Phillips, his wife …’

Despite this monument in the cathedral, George Frederick Handel Rogers (1807-1892) and his wife Frances are actually buried in Saint Munchin’s churchyard in Limerick.

I cannot connect Rogers with the family of the German composer George Frideric Handel (1685-1759), no more than I can connect John Haydn and Joseph Haydn. In my imagination, I think, perhaps, the connection is even less tenuous than that between Brahms and Liszt. But, as the Precentor, I am supposed to take a particular interest in the music of the cathedral.

The monument to George Frederick Handel Rogers (1807-1892) in Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2021)

Praying in Lent and Easter 2021:
92, Westcott House, Cambridge

The chapel and buildings of Westcott House appear to form visual cloisters for neighbouring All Saints’ Church (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

Patrick Comerford

During the Season of Easter this year, I am continuing my theme from Lent, taking some time each morning to reflect in these ways:

1, photographs of a church or place of worship that has been significant in my spiritual life;

2, the day’s Gospel reading;

3, a prayer from the prayer diary of the Anglican mission agency USPG (United Society Partners in the Gospel).

This week, we are in an ‘in-between week’, between Ascension Day and the Day of Pentecost. My photographs this week are from places I associate with the life of USPG. Earlier in this series, I introduced the Chapel in the USPG offices in Southwark and its stained glass windows (20 March 2021).

This morning (19 May 2021), my photographs are from Westcott House, Cambridge. This Anglican theological college on Jesus Lane was the venue for a residential meeting of USPG trustees in November 2015. I have also taken part in seminars in Westcott House organised by the Institute for Orthodox Institute for Christian Studies, which is based across the street at Wealey House, Jesus Lane, and I have visited Westcott House regularly when I have stayed around the corner at Sidney Sussex College.

During the residential meeting of USPG trustees in Westcott House, we met in the Knight Room, facing on one side onto Jesus Lane and out across the gardens of Jesus College, and on the other side onto the Front Court of Westcott House. We also took part the Community Eucharist in the college chapel.

Westcott House was founded in 1881 as the Clergy Training School by Brooke Foss Westcott (1825-1901), then the Regius Professor of Divinity in Cambridge University and later Bishop of Durham.

Westcott was one of the Cambridge Triumvirate of Biblical scholars, alongside Joseph Lightfoot (1828-1899), who was Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity at Cambridge and who preceded Westcott as Bishop of Durham, and the Dublin-born Fenton Hort (1828-1892), Hulsean Professor of Divinity in Cambridge. Together, they produced The New Testament in the Original Greek, which lead to the Revised Version, the Revised Standard Version and eventually the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) of the Bible.

William Derrick Lindsay Greer (1902-1972) became the first Irish-born Principal of Westcott House in 1944. He was educated at Campbell College, Belfast, Saint Columba’s College, Rathfarnham, and Trinity College Dublin. He was the Secretary of the Student Christian Movement (SCM) in Britain and Ireland (1935-1944) before becoming the Principal of Westcott House. He later became Bishop of Manchester (1947-1970), and died in 1972.

Staff members over the decades have included many important Anglican theological minds, including Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury; John Habgood, Archbishop of York; Hugh Montefiore, Bishop of Birmingham; Alan Webster, Dean of Saint Paul’s Cathedral, London; and, of course, Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury. Others include Charles Freer Andrews, a missionary, educator and social reformer in India; Canon John Collins, a leading figure in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and the Anti-Apartheid Movement; and the theologians Don Cupitt, later Dean of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Mary Tanner, Angela Tilby and Harry Williams.

Among the Irish alumni was Dr Maurice O’Connor (‘Con’) Drury was (1907-1976), who was an ordinand for just a year before he left Westcott House. Con Drury became a friend of the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, while he was an undergraduate at Saint John’s College, Cambridge, and was instrumental in arranging Wittgenstein’s various visits to Ireland.

Inside the chapel of Westcott House (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

John 17: 11-19 (NRSVA):

[Jesus said:] 11 ‘And now I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one, as we are one. 12 While I was with them, I protected them in your name that you have given me. I guarded them, and not one of them was lost except the one destined to be lost, so that the scripture might be fulfilled. 13 But now I am coming to you, and I speak these things in the world so that they may have my joy made complete in themselves. 14 I have given them your word, and the world has hated them because they do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world. 15 I am not asking you to take them out of the world, but I ask you to protect them from the evil one. 16 They do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world. 17 Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. 18 As you have sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, so that they also may be sanctified in truth.’

Preparing for the Community Eucharist in the chapel of Westcott House (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

Prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary:

The Prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary today (19 May 2021) invites us to pray:

Let us give thanks for religious communities, and the people who devote their lives to worship. May they have strength and peace in all they do.

Yesterday’s reflection

Continued tomorrow

A quiet corner near the chapel in Westcott House, Cambridge (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)

Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicised Edition copyright © 1989, 1995, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. http://nrsvbibles.org

The bell at the chapel in Westcott House (Photograph: Patrick Comerford)