14 December 2016
We are approaching the end of the academic semester, and later this evening [14 December 2016] I am presiding at the Eucharist in the Chapel of the Church of Ireland Theological Institute. The preacher is the Revd Geoff Hamilton, a Year III MTh student, and We are using the Collect, readings, Proper and Post-Communion Prayer of the Third Sunday of Advent or Gaudete Sunday, which fell last Sunday [11 December 2016].
This photograph of the Triptych of Saint John the Baptist and the Baptism of Christ in the Chapel of Saint John’s Hospital, Lichfield, and these notes are included in this evening’s chapel booklet:
A note on this evening’s Eucharist and hymns:
This evening we hear the Collect, Readings, Proper and Post-Communion Prayer for the Third Sunday of Advent, also known as Gaudete Sunday. This is the Sunday in Advent, when we remember Saint John the Baptist and rejoice in his anticipation of the coming of Christ. On the Advent wreath, the rose-coloured or pink candle, symbolsing Saint John the Baptist, is lit alongside the two violet candles, symbolising the Patriarchs and the Prophets. The readings emphasise the joyous anticipation of Christ’s coming, yet in our anticipation we sing no Gloria in Advent, waiting instead for the angelic Gloria that is to announce Christ’s birth.
Processional Hymn: ‘Long ago, prophets knew’ (Church Hymnal, 133) was written in 1970 by the Methodist hymn-writer the Revd Fred Pratt Green (1903-2000). The tune Personent Hodie is from Piæ Cantiones (Griefswald, 1582), a collection of Finish and Swedish sacred songs. Tis collection also included the Advent carol Gaudete In 1853, this collection came to the attention of the Revd Thomas Helmore (1811-1890) and the Revd John Mason Neale (1818-1866), who published the hymn ‘Long ago, prophets knew.’ In 1925, it was arranged by Gustav Holst (1874-1934), a former student of the Irish-born composer Sir Charles Villiers Stanford.
Gradual: ‘On Jordan’s bank the Baptist’s cry’ (Church Hymnal, 136) was written in French in 1718 by Charles Coffin (1676-1749) of the University of Paris, and translated by the Revd John Chandler (1806-1876). The melody, from George Wittwe’s Musikalisches Hand-Buch (Hamburg, 1690), was adapted as the tune ‘Winchester New’ by Canon William Henry Havergal (1793-1870).
Creed: Instead of a credal statement this evening, we listen to the Advent carol Gaudete, which reached No 14 in the charts in England with Steeleye Span in the early 1970s.
Offertory: ‘Of the Father’s heart begotten’ (Church Hymnal, 175) is the oldest hymn in the Church Hymnal. It was written by Marcus Aurelius Clemens Prudentius (ca 343-413), a judge in the Roman imperial court, as a challenge to Arianism. It was translated by John Mason Neale and the Revd Sir Henry Williams Baker (1821-1877). The tune is a later form of a plainsong melody in Piæ Cantiones (1582), and was arranged as the tune Corde natus (Divinium mysterium) by Sir David Wilcocks of King’s College, Cambridge.
Communion Hymn: As we receive Holy Communion, we sing ‘Jesus, remember me’ (Church Hymnal, 617), by Jacques Berthier (1923-1994) and the Taizé Community.
Post Communion Hymn: ‘Hills of the north, rejoice’ (Church Hymnal, 128) by the Revd Charles E Oakley (1832-1865) and the editors of English Praise. The tune Little Cornard was written for this hymn by Martin Shaw (1875-1958) while he was the organist at Saint Mary’s, Primrose Hill, where the Vicar was Canon Percy Dearmer (1867-1936), co-editor of the English Hymnal with Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958). The tune takes its name from the Suffolk village where the composer spent his honeymoon.
We are half way through the third week of Advent. Throughout this time of preparation for Christ’s coming at Christmas, I am praying each morning in Advent and using for my reflections the prayer diary of the Anglican mission agency, USPG (United Society Partners in the Gospel).
This week, these prayers focus on the needs of the Church of Ceylon, the Anglican Church in Sri Lanka. Last Sunday [11 December 2016], the USPG Prayer Diary told the story of children at the USPG-supported Saint Andrew’s Little Flower Nursery School in Templestowe. The school looks after the children of marginalised tea plantation workers, and the story of two five-year-olds, Durga and Sabish.
The USPG Prayer Diary:
Wednesday 14 December 2016:
Give thanks for the USPG-supported programme run by the Church of Ceylon to support education for the children of tea plantation workers.
Readings (Revised Common Lectionary, the Church of Ireland, Holy Communion):
Isaiah 45: 6b-8, 18, 21b-25; Psalm 85: 7-13; Luke 7: 18b-23.
The Collect of the Day:
O Lord Jesus Christ,
who at your first coming sent your messenger
to prepare your way before you:
Grant that the ministers and stewards of your mysteries
may likewise so prepare and make ready your way
by turning the hearts of the disobedient to the wisdom of the just,
that at your second coming to judge the world
we may be found an acceptable people in your sight;
for you are alive and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit,
one God, world without end.
The Advent Collect:
Give us grace to cast away the works of darkness
and to put on the armour of light
now in the time of this mortal life
in which your Son Jesus Christ came to us in great humility;
that on the last day
when he shall come again in his glorious majesty
to judge the living and the dead,
we may rise to the life immortal;
through him who is alive and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
one God, now and for ever.