13 April 2022
Saint Paul’s Court is one of the most imposing buildings in Stony Stratford. It was first built as a grammar school ‘to be conducted on the Public School system, by graduate clergy.’
This Victorian complex of buildings facing the High Street in Stony Stratford was built in a lavish style by the Revd William Thomas Sankey, Vicar of Saint Giles Church (now Saint Mary and Saint Giles) at a cost of £40,000 in 1863.
WT Sankey was the Vicar of Saint Giles from 1859 to 1875, and was known as a great benefactor to Stony Stratford. He was instrumental in clearing away many slum dwellings for the building of New Street, one of the town’s most picturesque streets.
The building was designed by the architectural practice of Goldie and Childe.
George Goldie (1828-1887) Goldie was born in York, the grandson of the architect Joseph Bonomi the Elder. He was educated at Saint Cuthbert’s College, Ushaw, in Durham, and trained as an architect with John Grey Weightman and Matthew Ellison Hadfield of Sheffield, in 1845-1850, and then worked with them as a partner. In 1858, he formed a partnership with ME Hadfield, practising as Hadfield and Goldie in Sheffield and London.
Goldie practised alone in London between 1861 and 1867. In 1867 or 1868, he formed the partnership of Goldie and Child with Charles Edwin Child (1843-1911). In 1880 or 1881, Goldie’s son, Edward Goldie, joined the firm, which practised as Goldie Child and Goldie until George Goldie died in 1887.
The works by Goldie and Child in Ireland include Saint Saviour’s Dominican Church, Baker’s Place, Limerick, Saint Saviour’s Dominican Church, Bridge Street, Waterford, the Good Shepherd, Clare Street, Limerick, much of the interior work and decoration of Holy Trinity Church, Adare, Co Limerick, the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Sligo, and the High Altar and reredos in the Redemptorist Church at Mount Saint Alphonsus, Limerick.
Saint Paul’s College opened in Stony Stratford in January 1864, with Sankey as the first Warden. There was room for 200 boarders and most paid fees of 24 guineas a year. The general course of instruction included Latin, Greek, French, Mathematics, and the usual details of a sound English education.
The spire was of a considerable size and the college prospectus showed a very grand building, in keeping with Sankey’s vision. He wanted to make Stony Stratford a centre of educational importance, reflected in the prestigious design of the college.
This is an imposing building of local stone with brick dressings, comprising a chapel with apsidal end, entrance gatehouse and assembly rooms in an ambitious German Gothic style.
Internally, the chapel has fittings of marble and stained pine of high quality. The assembly room, now subdivided, has ceiling paintings. The main building is Grade II listed and the fine moulded arched entrance, along with the later stone wall along the High Street, are separately listed Grade II.
The college had less success after the Revd WT Sankey died in 1875, closed briefly in 1882, and eventually closed in 1895.
Then, for a short time in 1896, the college became a cigar factory, and then stood empty for two or three years.
The buildings were bought in 1900 by JWC Fegan from London for use as a boys’ orphanage. Fegan was a wealthy and religious man who dedicated his life to helping homeless boys in London. He was looking for a home for his ‘bold, pert and dirty London sparrows’ when he came across the College of Saint Paul, which he bought in 1900 for £4,500.
It became Fegan’s Home for Orphaned Boys and for over 60 years ‘Fegan’s Boys’ went to school there. The home was known for retaining a set of canes, known from Edward I to Edward VIII, and selected according to the severity of a boy’s punishment.
During those years, however, around 4,000 boys were given a good home, many remembering their somewhat harsh education with a degree of affection.
Tom McClean, known for his record-breaking feats, was one of ‘Fegan’s Boys.’ He rowed solo across the North Atlantic in world record time in 1969. In 1983 he earned another record in 1983, sailing the same ocean in the shortest yacht, the Giltspur, which was only 7 ft 9 in long. Using skills he learned in the Parachute Regiment and the SAS, he later ran the Highland Outdoor Adventure Centre in Scotland.
Fegan’s school closed in 1962, and then served as a preparatory school run by Franciscan monks until 1972. Since then, the building has served many uses, including the offices of the Swiss commercial bank, Societé Generale.
The school chapel is now a restaurant, Calcutta, and the other buildings in the complex serve as offices, craft workshops and apartments.
The swimming pool was filled in, a block of retirement homes were built at the back, and the playing fields were used to extend the Ancell Trust sports ground.
This building remains one of the most imposing buildings in Stony Stratford.
We are now in Holy Week, the last and closing week of Lent. Wednesday in Holy Week is known in many parts of the Church as ‘Spy Wednesday’ and the prayer in the Parish of Stony Stratford with Calverton today (13 April 2022) is ‘For the Bishop and his priests.’
But, even before today begins, I am taking some time early this morning for prayer, reflection and reading.
During Lent this year, in this Prayer Diary on my blog each morning, I have been reflecting on the Psalms each morning. But during these two weeks of Passiontide, Passion Week and Holy Week, I am reflecting in these ways:
1, Short reflections on the Stations of the Cross, illustrated by images in the Church of the Annunciation, Clonard, Wexford, and the Church of Saint Mary and Saint Giles in Stony Stratford, Milton Keynes;
2, the Gospel reading of the day in the lectionary adapted in the Church of Ireland;
3, a prayer from the USPG prayer diary.
Station 11, Jesus is nailed to the Cross:
In an unusual arrangement, the Stations of the Cross in the church in Clonard are set in the curved outer wall of the church in 14 windows designed by Gillian Deeny of Wicklow. In her windows, she emphasises the role of women in the Passion story.
Her windows were made in association with Abbey Glass, where she worked with the cut-out shapes of coloured glass, the pigment being a mixture of lead oxide, ground glass and colour. Each window is signed by the artist.
The Stations of the Cross on the north and south walls of the nave in Stoney Stratford were donated in memory of John Dunstan (1924-1988).
The Eleventh Station in the Stations of the Cross has a traditional description such as ‘Jesus is nailed to the Cross.’
When I put in a search for Nails on Google, trying any of the towns I have lived in, I get endless lists of nail bars offering glamorous treatments that I am never going to contemplate or need.
But there is nothing glamorous about the nails and hands in Station XI in these Stations of the Cross in Wexford and Stony Stratford.
In this station in Clonard, Christ is pale and stretched as he is nailed to the cross by two men, one nailing his hands to arms of the cross, the other nailing his feet to the foot of the cross, Christ crown of thorns cast aside beneath his right arm pit.
The scene is more awkward in Stoney Stratford as a lone figure holds a hammer in one hand as he tries to affix the footrest at the base of the cross, while Christ’s left arm seems to have gone unattended, and the inscription INRI has yet to be affixed.
Christ’s eyes are filled with pain, yet waiting for more pain.
John 13: 21-32 (NRSVA):
21 After saying this Jesus was troubled in spirit, and declared, ‘Very truly, I tell you, one of you will betray me.’ 22 The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he was speaking. 23 One of his disciples—the one whom Jesus loved—was reclining next to him; 24 Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking. 25 So while reclining next to Jesus, he asked him, ‘Lord, who is it?’ 26 Jesus answered, ‘It is the one to whom I give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.’ So when he had dipped the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas son of Simon Iscariot. 27 After he received the piece of bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, ‘Do quickly what you are going to do.’ 28 Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. 29 Some thought that, because Judas had the common purse, Jesus was telling him, ‘Buy what we need for the festival’; or, that he should give something to the poor. 30 So, after receiving the piece of bread, he immediately went out. And it was night.
31 When he had gone out, Jesus said, ‘Now the Son of Man has been glorified, and God has been glorified in him. 32 If God has been glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself and will glorify him at once.’
The theme in this week’s prayer diary of the Anglican mission agency USPG (United Society Partners in the Gospel) is ‘Light in the Darkness.’ This theme was introduced on Sunday by the Revd Anthony Gyu-Yong Shim of the Diocese of Daejeon in the Anglican Church of Korea. The prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary today (13 April 2022) invites us to pray:
We pray for the congregation at Saint Mark’s in the Diocese of Daejeon and the ministry of the Revd Anthony Gyu-Yong Shim.
Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicised Edition copyright © 1989, 1995, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. http://nrsvbibles.org