Saturday, 22 December 2018
I try to read the Guardian and The Irish Times most days, the Economist each week, the Tablet most weeks, and Private Eye and New Statesman regularly. I also read the Church of Ireland Gazette, the Church Times and many newspapers online.
But I still want to read books as books, and to have them in my hands, to see, touch and smell them, to turn back and forward whimsically, and to move them around with me in the house, on the bus, on the train.
I realise now that at some stage I am going to have to lose many of my books. As I found myself discussing this, I wondered what books I would take me, wherever I may go.
It started as a challenge to name ten books. But I found myself quickly expanding the list 20 books. Doubtless, within a few days, the list will start to grow … and grow … and grow.
1, The Bible:
Over the years, I have accumulated a large collection of different versions of the Bible, having bought my first Bible almost 50 years ago.
I still treasure versions of the RSV Common Bible and the New English Bible, bought in Lichfield and Wexford in the early 1970s. But when it comes to scholarship, I am wary of the claims to scholarship in modern translations that have their own politico-theological agenda, such as the New International Version (NIV), or the English Standard Version (ESV).
In a letter in The Tablet last week [15 December 2018], Dr Sara Parvis, Senior Lecturer in Patristics in the University of Edinburgh, points out that the ESV study edition advocates a form of Arian theology – she might have added that the editor, Wayne Gruden, advocates ‘complementarianism,’ which is thinly-disguised theological misogyny.
My own preference is for the NRSV, even though I am aware of its weaknesses in what I have described as its efforts to reach the ‘lowest common denomination.’
If I take the NRSV, it must have an interlinear Greek text, but sadly most versions with this feature do not include the Old Testament. And any version with the Old Testament must include the books unilaterally dropped by most of the Reformers without any discussion of 1,500 years of understanding in the Church of what constituted the Bible, and side-lined as ‘Apocrypha’ by the Anglican Reformers.
2, The Collected Works of TS Eliot:
TS Eliot is the most important Anglican poet of the 20th century, but was also a subtle and deep theologian. My collection of works by and about TS Eliot stretch beyond one or two shelves in my bookcases, and I regularly fall back on his poetry when I am working on sermons, particularly at this time of the year.
The scholarly, landmark edition of TS Eliot’s poems edited by Christopher Ricks and Jim McCue, and published by Faber & Faber in two volumes in 2015, was e given to me as a very special present some time ago. As I turned to the commentary on A Song for Simeon – a poem I have drawn on many times for sermons and the Liturgy at Candlemas or the Feast of the Presentation – I came across this note:
‘A Song for Simeon may be one for him to sing or one sung for him (Patrick Comerford, personal communication).’ It was an exchange I had forgotten about, which added to the surprise and delight of coming across this observation and acknowledgement in the commentary.
If I cannot take two volumes with me and can only take one volume of TS Eliot, the version I shall take is the 2004 paperback edition of The Complete Poems and Plays, first published by Faber and Faber in 1969, now well-thumbed and dog-eared.
3, Nikos Kazantzakis, ‘Zorba the Greek’
If TS Eliot must be regarded as a theologian, then Nikos Kazantzakis must be seen as a critical and honest pilgrim on the spiritual quest. I have visited his grave many times, and his descriptions of Iraklion and Crete are evocative and emotional for anyone who loves Crete.
In the opening page of his best-known work, Zorba is described as ‘a man with a moustache who had picked up his philosophy from the Karagiozis theatre.’ Kazantzakis then offers winsome descriptions of Crete in Chapter 2 that I remind me of my own thoughts as flights come into land at Iraklion or Chania. ‘I stopped for a moment on the sand and looked. A sacred solitude lay before me, deadly and yet fascinating, like the desert.’
4, Nikolaus Pevsner, ‘Staffordshire’
Nikolaus Pevsner (1902-1983) created the monumental 46-volume series of county-by-county guides, The Buildings of England. Many books have tried to emulate and imitate his style, but fail to replicate or match his style, for this is where architecture meets literature.
A few years, in a second-hand shop in Lichfield, I acquired a first edition of Pevsner’s Staffordshire, published in 1974, and it has been a treasured possession ever since. Wherever I am, this will remind me of the architectural heritage and the beauty of Lichfield and the surrounding areas.
5, One book by George Orwell
I can still remember the great books I was introduced to by wonderful English teachers when I was still in my teens. I quickly graduated from Robert Louis Stevenson, West Ho! and Foxe’s Book of Martyrs to Anne Frank’s Diary. By 14 or 15 I was reading Catcher in the Rye, To Kill a Mockingbird and books by George Orwell.
I probably would not take Animal Farm, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Down and Out in Paris and London or Burmese Days with me, because I am more likely to have to make a choice between 1984 or Homage to Catalonia.
6, Fyodor Dostoevsky, ‘The Brothers Karamazov’
I was first introduced to the ‘Grand Inquisitor’ in The Brothers Karamazov in the early 1980s by Alan Falconer, one of my lecturers in the Irish School of Ecumenics, who was then introducing me to Orthodox spirituality and theology.
In the current edition of New Statesman, Archbishop Rowan Williams describes this as ‘one of the classic expositions of what goes wrong politically when rulers decide that giving people exactly what they think they want is better than giving them truth, legality or liberty.’
7, John Ruskin, ‘The Stones of Venice’
Two of the greatest writers about Venice in the English-speaking world must be John Julius Norwich, who died earlier this year [1 June 2018], and John Ruskin (1819-1900), whose bicentenary is being marked next year.
I met John Julius Norwich at the Wexford Festival two years ago, just a few weeks after I had acquired for the first tome a copy of John Ruskin’s The Stones of Venice in Cambridge.
I had often borrowed library copies and read other people’s versions of Ruskin’s Stones of Venice, but only acquired my own copy in a second-hand bookshop in September 2016, a slim edition edited by JG Links, author of Venice for Pleasure and published in 2001 in London by Pallas Athene.
Ruskin’s work was so influential that it brought Victorian Gothic architecture to a new stage beyond AWN Pugin. The Stones of Venice was originally a three-volume work on Venetian art and architecture, published in 1851-1853. Had I studied architecture rather than theology, this would have been on the essential reading list.
8, The Complete Works of Shakespeare
I seem to recall that guests on Desert Island Discs are allowed to take the Complete Works of Shakespeare. Does this still count as one book when it includes all the plays and sonnets.
At school, we benefitted not only from the plays we were studying in our year, but saw the years above and below us staging their own plays. By the time I left school I had been involved in or seen productions of Henry IV Part 1 and Hamlet in my own year, as well as The Merchant of Venice, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth and A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
9, John Betjeman, ‘Collected Poems’
For light-hearted days that still have moments of true depth and meaning, I enjoy the edition of John Betjeman’s Collected Poems, introduced by Andrew Motion.
And is it true,
This most tremendous tale of all,
Seen in a stained-glass window’s hue,
A Baby in an ox’s stall?
The Maker of the stars and sea
Become a Child on earth for me?
That God was man in Palestine
And lives today in Bread and Wine.
10, Dante, ‘The Divine Comedy’
It was traditional to preach in Advent about the ‘Four Last Things’: Death, Judgment, Heaven and Hell. I have never preached on this sequence, and I am convinced that many of our images of all four have more to do with the influence of Dante than with anything we read in the Bible.
Dante is the ‘travelling companion’ of the narrator of Zorba the Greek, but I also found he was the travelling companion of a colleague on a long-haul flight to China many years ago. He claimed he had learned Italian so that he could read Italian in the original. That sounds like a good new year’s resolution.
11,Dylan Thomas, ‘Under Milk Wood’
I was first encouraged at school to read Under Milk Wood by Dylan Thomas and his poems, especially ‘Do not go gently into that good night.’
The opening words of ‘Under Milk Wood’ – ‘To begin at the beginning’ – have a familiarity that makes me smile as I put the finishing touches to a Christmas morning sermon on the prologue to Saint John’s Gospel.
12,A novel by Catherine Fox
I have read each and every one of Catherine Fox’s Lindchester novels – the latest one on holiday in Crete earlier this year. And she constantly calls up images of life in the Cathedral Close in Lichfield.
13, Philip Larkin, ‘The Complete Poems’ (edited by Archie Burnett):
When he was a war-time undergraduate at Oxford, Philip Larkin spent Christmas 1940-1941 with his father’s family in Lichfield. During this time in Lichfield, he wrote three poems: Christmas 1940, Out in the lane I pause and Ghosts.
But Church Going is probably one of his best-known poems. He described this poem as his ‘Betjeman poem,’ but it also has echoes of TS Eliot’s Little Gidding in the Four Quartets:
You are not here to verify,
Instruct yourself, or inform curiosity
Or carry report. You are here to kneel
Where prayer has been valid. And prayer is more
Than an order of words, the conscious occupation
Of the praying mind, or the sound of the voice praying.
And what the dead had no speech for, when living,
They can tell you, being dead: the communication
Of the dead is tongued with fire beyond the language of the living.
Here, the intersection of the timeless moment
Is England and nowhere. Never and always.
There are hints too in the poem of TS Eliot’s Journey Of The Magi. This poem was written by Larkin in 1954, and it took him about three months to finish it. It was first published eventually in the Spectator in 1955, and in an edition of his poems published in 1962.
14, ‘Tumbling Down’ by Billy Roche
I first got to know Billy Roche when we were both involved in poetry readings and folk evenings in the old YMCA beside White’s Hotel in Wexford in the mid-1970s. Tumbling Down, first published in 1986, packs in many of my memories of Wexford, and was followed by the Wexford trilogy: A Handful of Stars (1988), Poor Beast in the Rain (1989) and Belfry (1990). He was elected to Aosdána in 2007, and still lives in Wexford.
15, The Collected Poems of Constantine Cavafy:
If my colleague learned Italian so he could read Dante in the original, I was once presented with a copy of Cavafy’s poems in the original to encourage me to improve my Greek. His ‘Ithaca’ and ‘The Barbarians at the Gates’ remain favourites … in the original and in translations.
16, ‘Ulysses’ by James Joyce
I have never read James Joyce’s Ulysses continuously, from beginning to end, sequentially, although I am sure I have read all of it, in chunks and in pieces and in unusual sequences that I now realise is the way that many of my generation have read it.
And there is an additional smugness in being able to find the place where the Comerford family is mentioned.
17, The Book of Common Prayer
If I am on my own, I shall still need to pray regularly. The Church of Ireland edition of the Book of Common Prayer is not always ideal for personal, private daily prayer, so I might have to take The Book of Common Prayer, The texts of 1549, 1559 and 1662, edited by Brian Cummings (Oxford, 2011), which came as a present after preaching the Chapel of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 2012.
This is not just a prayer book, but a work of literature, including the Collects which are richly textured prayers. It has contributed – along with the King James Version of the Bible and the works of Shakespeare – to shaping the modern English language.
18, The Rule of Saint Benedict
I debated which theological books I should take with me. At an early stage, I was influenced by the sermons and speeches of Martin Luther King, the writings of Desmond Tutu, Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s The Cost of Discipleship and by the great works by Jürgen Moltmann.
But without too many books I may need to learn to appreciate the value of solitude to heed the opening words of the Rule of Saint Benedict: ‘Listen carefully, my child, to the master’s instructions, and attend to them with the ear of your heart. This is the advice from a father who loves you; welcome it, and faithfully put it into practice.’
19, A choice from the Classics:
I started trying to read the classics as I young boy in my grandmother’s house near Cappoquin, trying to pick through the school texts in Greek left on the shelves by absent uncles, including the funeral oration by Pericles in 430 BC, as recorded by Thucydides (Peloponnesian War, Book 2.34-46), one of finest statements on the value of democracy.
That youthful interest in the classics was not killed off by poor experiences of Latin classes in the early years of secondary schooling. When I pack my bags, I shall pick from Greek rather Latin, and would have to choose between the plays Aristophanes and the plays of Euripides.
Aristophanes is said to have recreated life in ancient Athens more convincingly than any other author. His powers of ridicule were feared and acknowledged by influential contemporaries. Plato singled out his play The Clouds as slander that contributed to the trial and subsequent death of Socrates.
I have argued before that the Gospel stories of the Syrophoenician woman and her daughter is best read after reading The Phoenician Women by Euripides.
Medea is the great tragedy about the fear of the foreigner and about confusion that arises about the sexuality of the other when we objectify the foreigner in our midst. I first started to try reading Medea in the original Greek of Euripides over 30 years ago when, following a course in Biblical Greek, I began a Cambridge course in Classical Greek. Shortly afterwards, I was in Rethymnon in Crete when Medea was staged using the original text in theatre in the Fortezza.
The play deals with passion and rage, explores greatness and pride, it forces us to consider how we deal with the Other, it confronts our prejudices about intelligence and our abilities to be manipulative, it challenges our concepts of justice in an unjust society, especially where women and foreigners are concerned.
20, A good guide book:
Wherever I go I have to have a good guide book, such as the Lonely Planet, Rough Guide, Dorling and Kindersley or the Blue Guide. I buy a few weeks before a trip, and are read thoroughly before arrival.
Seldom have I ever thrown out a guide book. They remain piled high on shelves, still stuffed with restaurant receipts, and tickets for buses, trains and the opera. Each place visited, each dinner enjoyed, has been ticked and marked with a date. I even have travel books for places I planned to visit but never got to, included a cancelled visit to Warsaw earlier this year.
If I only have 20 books with me, one of them must be a good guide book for wherever that may be.
Sunday 23 December (Advent 4):
11 a.m., United Group Service (Parish Eucharist, Holy Communion 2), Castletown.
Readings: Micah 5: 2-5a; Canticle Magnificat (Hymn 712, CD 40); Hebrews 10: 5-10; Luke 1: 39-45.
158, God rest you merry, gentlemen (CD 9)
174, O little town of Bethlehem (CD 11)
198, The first Nowell the angel did say (CD 12)
Christmas Eve, Monday 24 December:
8 p.m., Kilnaughtin (Christmas Eucharist, Holy Communion 2).
10 p.m., Castletown (Christmas Eucharist, Holy Communion 2).
Readings: Isaiah 9: 2-7; Psalm 96; Titus 2: 11-14; Luke 2: 1-14.
174, O little town of Bethlehem (CD 11)
160, Hark! the herald angels sing (CD 9)
182, Silent night, holy night (CD 11)
Christmas Day, Tuesday 25 December:
9.30 a.m., Askeaton (Christmas Eucharist, Holy Communion 2).
11 a.m., Rathkeale (Christmas Eucharist, Holy Communion 2).
Readings: Isaiah 52: 7-10; Psalm 98; Hebrews 1: 1-4; John 1: 1-18.
177, Once in royal David’s city (CD 11)
184, Unto us is born a Son (CD 11)
172, O come, all ye faithful (CD 10)
Sunday 30 December (Christmas 1):
11 a.m., United Parish Communion, Saint Brendan’s Church, Kilnaughtin, Tarbert.
Readings: I Samuel 2: 18-20, 26; Psalm 148; Colossians 3: 12-17; Luke 2: 41-52.
166, Joy to the world, the Lord is come! (CD 10)
162, Infant holy, infant lowly (CD 9)
152, Come and join the celebration (CD 9)
Sunday 6 January 2019 (The Epiphany):
9.30 a.m., Saint Mary’s Church, Askeaton, Parish Eucharist (Holy Communion 2).
11.30 a.m., Saint Brendan’s Church, Kilnaughtin (Tarbert), Parish Eucharist (Holy Communion 2).
Readings: Isaiah 60: 1-6; Psalm 72: 1-7, 10-14; Ephesians 3: 1-12; Matthew 2: 1-12.
202, What child is this, who laid to rest (CD 13)
201, We three kings of Orient are (CD 13)
189, As with gladness men of old (CD 12)
Throughout the season of Advent this year, I am spending a short time of prayer and reflection each morning, using the prayer diary of the Anglican mission agency, USPG (United Society Partners in the Gospel), and the Advent and Christmas Devotional Calendar for 2018 being used in Lichfield Cathedral.
USPG, founded in 1701, is an Anglican mission agency supporting churches around the world in their mission to bring fullness of life to the communities they serve.
USPG is the Anglican mission agency that partners churches and communities worldwide in God’s mission to enliven faith, strengthen relationships, unlock potential, and champion justice.
Under the title Pray with the World Church, the current USPG prayer diary (7 October 2018 to 16 February 2019), offers prayers and reflections from the Anglican Communion.
The USPG Prayer Diary this week prays with reflections from Bangladesh, and began the week on Sunday with an article by Paul Senoy Sarkar, Programme Officer for Shalom, which is the development organisation of the Church of Bangladesh.
The USPG Prayer Diary:
Saturday 22 December 2018:
In this Advent season, in remembering the Nativity, give thanks for USPG-supported maternity health programmes run by the Church of Bangladesh.
Lichfield Cathedral Advent and Christmas Devotional Calendar:
Lichfield Cathedral’s Advent and Christmas Devotional Calendar for 2018 suggests you light your Advent candle each day as you read the Bible and pray. It suggests setting aside five to 15 minutes each day.
Buy or use a special candle to light each day as you read and pray through the suggestions on the calendar. Each week there is a suggestion to ‘eat simply’ – try going without so many calories or too much rich food, just have enough. There is a suggestion to donate to a charity working with the homeless. There is encouragement to pray through what you see and notice going on around you in people, the media and nature.
The calendar is for not only for those who use the Cathedral website and for the Cathedral community. It is also for anyone who wants to share in the daily devotional exercise. The calendar suggests lighting your Advent candle each day as you read the Bible and pray.
Today’s reflection is headed ‘O Rex Gentium’ (‘O King of the Nations’), referring to the sixth of the O Antiphons in the final week of Advent:
O Rex Gentium, et desideratus earum,
lapisque angularis, qui facis utraque unum:
veni, et salva hominem,
quem de limo formasti.
O King of the nations, and their desire,
the cornerstone making both one:
Come and save the human race.
Today’s suggested reading is Luke 1: 46-56, which is familiar as the canticle Maginificat, recommended in the Revised Common Lectionary as a canticle tomorrow [23 December 2018, Advent IV] and as part of the longer version of the Gospel reading.
The reflection for today suggests:
Pray for the world’s poor, the weakest and most marginalised. Remember God cherishes them. Seek to love God in them. Pray to be shown him in them.
Readings (Revised Common Lectionary, the Church of Ireland):
I Samuel 1: 24-28; Psalm 113; Luke 1: 46-56.
O Lord Jesus Christ,
who at your first coming sent your messenger
to prepare your way before you:
Grant that the ministers and stewards of your mysteries
may likewise so prepare and make ready your way
by turning the hearts of the disobedient to the wisdom of the just,
that at your second coming to judge the world
we may be found an acceptable people in your sight;
for you are alive and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit,
one God, world without end.
The Post-Communion Prayer:
we give you thanks for these heavenly gifts.
Kindle us with the fire of your Spirit
that when Christ comes again
we may shine as lights before his face;
who is alive and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
one God, now and for ever.