20 March 2022
Despite the extended Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations at the end of the week, I had a minor stroke (totally unconnected) and I have ended up in hospital in Milton Keynes since Friday night. But I am continuing with my Prayer Diary and each day. Today is the Third Sunday in Lent (Lent III, 20 March 2022), and before this day begins, I am taking some time early this morning for prayer, reflection and reading.
During Lent this year, in this Prayer Diary on my blog each morning, I am reflecting in these ways:
1, Short reflections on a psalm or psalms;
2, reading the psalm or psalms;
3, a prayer from the USPG prayer diary.
Psalm 40 has given its name to the U2 song 40, the final track on their 1983 album War.
Psalm 40 is ascribed to King David and is described by the Jerusalem Bible as a ‘song of praise and prayer for help.’ In a slightly different numbering system in the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate, this known as Psalm 39.
The first part of the Psalm (verses 1-11) is one in the series of psalms of thanksgiving of an individual. Verses 13-18, possibly set originally as an independent psalm, is virtually identical to Psalm 70. This part belongs more in the group of psalms of lament.
Psalm 40 may be divides into three sections:
1, Verses 1-5: confidence for deliverance;
2, Verses 6-10, the work of redemption;
3, Verses 11-17, a prayer for mercy and grace or a psalm of lament.
The U2 song 40, also known as 40 (How Long), is the tenth and final track on their 1983 album, War. The song is noted for its live performances. The guitarist the Edge and the bassist Adam Clayton trade instruments during the performances, and as it was commonly played to end their concerts, the band would leave the stage one-by-one as the audience continued to sing the refrain ‘How long to sing this song?’
The song was completed within the last few hours of the recording sessions for War. After working all night in Dublin on the album in Windmill Lane Studios, the band found themselves at 6 a.m. feeling that they were still one song short. Another band, Minor Detail, were due to start their recording session at 8 a.m. and had arrived early, and Adam Clayton had already gone home.
In a moment of inspiration, the remaining members -- Bono, the Edge, and Larry Mullen – decided to revive an abandoned song that they had been unable to translate into a ‘coherent song.’ Producer Steve Lillywhite quickly did a multi-track edit of the song, removing any parts that seemed disconnected from the main musical idea. With Clayton absent, the Edge switched between guitar and bass guitar.
In search of lyrical inspiration, Bono opened the Bible and found Psalm 40, on which he based his words. As soon as his vocals were recorded and the song mixed, the band immediately left the studio, completing the sessions for War.
Bono later recalled: ‘When we were making our third record, the War LP, we were being thrown out of the studio by the studio manager because we had overrun or something and we had one more song to do. We wrote this song in about ten minutes, we recorded it in about ten minutes, we mixed it in about ten minutes and we played it, then, for another ten minutes and that’s nothing to do with why it’s called 40.’
Since its live debut in Dundee on 26 February 1983, ‘40’ has been a staple of U2’s live concerts, having been performed almost 400 times.
Psalm 40 (NRSVA):
To the leader. Of David. A Psalm.
1 I waited patiently for the Lord;
he inclined to me and heard my cry.
2 He drew me up from the desolate pit,
out of the miry bog,
and set my feet upon a rock,
making my steps secure.
3 He put a new song in my mouth,
a song of praise to our God.
Many will see and fear,
and put their trust in the Lord.
4 Happy are those who make
the Lord their trust,
who do not turn to the proud,
to those who go astray after false gods.
5 You have multiplied, O Lord my God,
your wondrous deeds and your thoughts towards us;
none can compare with you.
Were I to proclaim and tell of them,
they would be more than can be counted.
6 Sacrifice and offering you do not desire,
but you have given me an open ear.
Burnt-offering and sin-offering
you have not required.
7 Then I said, ‘Here I am;
in the scroll of the book it is written of me.
8 I delight to do your will, O my God;
your law is within my heart.’
9 I have told the glad news of deliverance
in the great congregation;
see, I have not restrained my lips,
as you know, O Lord.
10 I have not hidden your saving help within my heart,
I have spoken of your faithfulness and your salvation;
I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness
from the great congregation.
11 Do not, O Lord, withhold
your mercy from me;
let your steadfast love and your faithfulness
keep me safe for ever.
12 For evils have encompassed me
my iniquities have overtaken me,
until I cannot see;
they are more than the hairs of my head,
and my heart fails me.
13 Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me;
O Lord, make haste to help me.
14 Let all those be put to shame and confusion
who seek to snatch away my life;
let those be turned back and brought to dishonour
who desire my hurt.
15 Let those be appalled because of their shame
who say to me, ‘Aha, Aha!’
16 But may all who seek you
rejoice and be glad in you;
may those who love your salvation
say continually, ‘Great is the Lord!’
17 As for me, I am poor and needy,
but the Lord takes thought for me.
You are my help and my deliverer;
do not delay, O my God.
The USPG Prayer Diary has a particular focus this week on ‘Lingering Legacies’ and remembering the victims of slavery and the transatlantic slave trade. This theme is introduced this morning by Monique Castle, Adviser to the Anglican Youth Fellowship in the Diocese of Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. The Prayer in the USPG Prayer Diary this morning (20 March 2022, Lent III) invites us to pray:
May we offer sanctuary to those in need.
Let no one be a stranger
In the house of the Lord.
Scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicised Edition copyright © 1989, 1995, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. http://nrsvbibles.org