05 March 2023
Old Father Time and some
old graves in the old
churchyard in Old Wolverton
The churchyard surrounding Holy Trinity Church in Old Wolverton, with its old gravestones, is almost as interesting to explore as is the church itself, which I described in a blog posting yesterday (4 March 2023).
The churchyard is an a sloping piece of land above the site of the lost mediaeval village of Wolverton, and includes the site of the original mediaeval parish church, which was almost completely levelled in the early 19th century when the church was rebuilt and extended, retaining only the church tower.
The funerary monument of Sir Thomas Longueville of Wolverton was relocated from the chancel of the old church to the chancel of the new church. But in the churchyard there are several old stones dating back to the mid-1700s commemorating tenant farmers who worked and lived on the Longueville and Radcliffe estate at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries.
The 18th century antiquarian Browne Willis noted the tomb of Sir John de Wolverton, who died in 1376. However, this tomb was destroyed when the church was being rebuilt in the early 19th century, and parts of the slate top were re-used as paving outside the vestry door.
The first burial recorded at Holy Trinity Church was the burial of Hugo Revesse in 1536. The oldest gravestone in the churchyard is that if James Miller, who died on 1 February 1690 at the age of 63.
The grave of William Harding, who died on 9 June 1719, aged 76, shows Father Time sitting with the Book of Life in his hand and a scythe over his shoulder. Hour glasses decorate the sides of the inscription, and there are two small skulls on the sides of the gravestone.
Ralph Abbott, the village blacksmith, died in 1776. His grave is marked with a stone that depicts a horseshoe and the implements of his trade.
On the left side is his first wife Mary, with some of their children. To his right is his second wife Martha who died on 25 January 1760 aged 31.
Close by, the head of a gravestone bears emblems of the crucifixion, including a cross mounted by two ladders and two spears, one bearing a sponge, as well as a crown of thorns and a pelican feeding her young.
A wreath of corn and a bunch of grapes hang on the right arm of the cross, with a cock standing crowing, while a jug and a chalice are suspended from the left arm of the cross.
Two large chest tombs belong to the Ratliffe family of Stone Bridge Farm. One tomb completely surrounded by railings is the grave of Thomas Ratliffe of Stone Bridge Farm, his wife Emma, and their daughter Emma.
The second large chest tomb is the grave of Thomas Ratliffe who died in 1774, his wife Elizabeth who died in 1746, and Edward Cooke who died in 1794 and his wife Mary who died in 1809.
Nearby is the grave of Conrad Dietrich Eugen von Voight (1836-1867), a Prussian officer and aristocrat who married Isabella Mary Harrison of Wolverton House in 1865. Isabella was 19 when they married, and their marriage involved a complicated, pre-nuptial legal agreement. They had one child when Conrad died two years after their wedding.
There are two war graves for Staff Sergeant Christopher John Arnold, who died on 19 November 1918, eight days after the end of World War I, and Arthur Leonard Hazell of the Merchant Navy who died on 15 December 1940, during World War II.
There are many gravestones too recalling people who died in accidents, including two Irish labourers, John Nicholls and John MacDonough, who were ‘burnt to a cinder’ as they slept in a barn on Wilkinson’s farm on 5 November 1860.
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